Energy Sources

Retail Fuel Prices by Province

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Map of Canada British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Ontario Quebec Yukon Northwest Territories Newfoundland and Labrador New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia

NOTE: Prices include taxes

Alberta   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Calgary 91.7 27.4 8.6 102.9 27.9 15.315 108.7 28.2 16.75 97.7 21.7 6.975
Edmonton 86.8 27.1 6.34 97.6 27.6 12.66 103.4 27.9 14.155 96.9 21.6 9.4
Grande Prairie 86.7 27.1 6.195 98.2 27.7 13.155 104.9 28.0 15.58 96.0 21.6 8.54
Lethbridge 88.9 27.2 5.975 97.2 27.6 9.865 103.9 28.0 12.26 97.1 21.6 6.39
Lloydminster 85.9 27.1 5.485 94.6 27.5 9.785 100.0 27.8 10.935 96.2 21.6 8.8
Red Deer 84.6 27.0 1.87 95.1 27.5 7.835 101.3 27.8 9.77 94.1 21.5 3.54
British Columbia   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Abbotsford 110.8 36.5 12.855 122.2 37.0 18.915 128.2 37.3 21.38 106.7 31.8 9.76
Fort St. John 112.9 36.6 15.625 124.5 37.1 22.675 130.7 37.4 24.585 112.5 32.0 10.82
Kamloops 99.9 35.9 3.245 111.1 36.5 9.885 117.0 36.7 11.495 107.6 31.8 6.12
Kelowna 107.9 36.3 10.865 118.0 36.8 16.525 124.2 37.1 18.365 108.2 31.8 6.74
Prince George 99.9 35.9 8.07 110.8 36.5 14.41 116.8 36.7 16.14 108.6 31.8 7.845
Vancouver 120.8 47.9 11.38 132.5 48.5 17.72 138.8 48.8 20.52 119.0 43.3 10.455
Victoria 113.9 40.1 10.685 124.5 40.6 15.985 130.3 40.9 18.345 113.3 35.6 10.96
Manitoba   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Brandon 89.9 28.3 5.695 99.7 28.8 11.055 106.2 29.1 13.245 99.9 22.8 9.29
Winnipeg 88.2 28.2 4.085 98.4 28.7 9.785 103.8 28.9 10.935 99.6 22.7 9.015
New Brunswick   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Bathurst 105.3 39.2 8.65 110.3 39.9 10.18 113.7 40.3 9.88 113.8 40.3 9.67
Campbellton 108.8 39.7 11.615 112.6 40.2 12.195 116.1 40.6 11.975 116.9 40.7 12.425
Edmundston 107.8 39.6 10.745 111.1 40.0 10.865 114.5 40.4 10.59 113.7 40.3 9.59
Fredericton 105.8 39.3 9.035 110.4 39.9 10.32 113.5 40.3 9.78 115.0 40.5 10.76
Miramichi 107.8 39.6 7.59 111.3 40.0 7.66 114.8 40.5 7.735 116.1 40.6 6.16
Moncton 106.7 39.4 9.86 111.6 40.1 11.365 114.9 40.5 10.95 115.4 40.6 11.12
Saint John 106.7 39.4 9.785 110.5 39.9 10.415 113.9 40.3 10.065 114.1 40.4 9.935
Sussex 105.5 39.3 8.755 109.8 39.8 9.805 113.2 40.3 9.5 113.8 40.3 9.695
Woodstock 108.7 39.7 11.54 111.8 40.1 11.55 115.4 40.6 11.42 117.3 40.8 12.71
Newfoundland and Labrador   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Corner Brook 133.7 60.4 14.145 136.7 60.8 15.78 139.5 61.2 13.3 122.7 41.5 11.415
Gander 135.8 60.7 17.815 138.8 61.1 17.575 141.5 61.4 16.825 122.9 41.5 17.95
Grand Falls 135.8 60.7 17.815 138.8 61.1 17.575 141.8 61.5 17.085 124.9 41.8 19.69
Labrador City 130.2 50.0 22.945 133.2 50.4 22.705 136.8 50.8 22.795 129.4 42.4 23.6
St. John's 132.9 60.3 15.335 135.7 60.7 14.95 138.2 61.0 14.02 123.0 41.5 18.04
Northwest Territories   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Yellowknife 111.9 26.0 32.545 116.9 26.3 33.305 120.9 26.5 33.115 114.4 18.6 30
Nova Scotia   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Halifax 104.3 39.1 8.075 109.5 39.8 9.745 113.1 40.3 9.755 103.0 32.8 6.905
Kentville 104.9 39.2 8.595 109.2 39.7 9.455 112.9 40.2 9.555 103.4 32.9 7.195
New Glasgow 105.5 39.3 9.115 111.1 40.0 11.135 114.5 40.4 10.995 103.8 32.9 7.585
Sydney 106.3 39.4 9.805 111.3 40.0 11.305 114.9 40.5 11.295 106.8 33.3 10.195
Truro 105.5 39.3 9.115 110.8 40.0 10.825 114.2 40.4 10.715 103.8 32.9 7.585
Yarmouth 105.3 39.2 8.945 110.9 40.0 10.955 114.3 40.4 10.815 103.7 32.9 7.495
Ontario   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Barrie 106.1 36.9 10.005 117.2 38.2 15.835 122.4 38.8 16.36 100.7 29.9 6.3
Brantford 106.2 36.9 10.045 116.3 38.1 14.975 122.5 38.8 16.505 101.4 30.0 6.755
Guelph 107.0 37.0 10.74 117.0 38.2 15.59 123.0 38.8 16.9 102.9 30.1 8.26
Hamilton 103.1 36.6 7.27 113.3 37.7 12.365 119.7 38.5 13.965 102.2 30.1 7.485
Kingston 101.9 36.4 5.27 112.9 37.7 10.745 117.8 38.3 10.855 102.8 30.1 7.195
Kitchener 106.1 36.9 9.945 116.9 38.2 15.56 123.4 38.9 17.315 102.8 30.1 8.025
London 107.1 37.0 10.79 117.8 38.3 16.25 124.0 39.0 17.765 101.9 30.0 7.32
North Bay 109.0 37.2 13.1 120.2 38.5 18.775 126.1 39.2 19.765 101.7 30.0 6.835
Oshawa 106.8 37.0 10.585 118.1 38.3 16.6 123.6 38.9 17.47 100.9 29.9 6.49
Ottawa 105.3 36.8 9.88 117.3 38.2 16.25 122.8 38.8 16.865 101.9 30.0 7
Peterborough 97.3 35.9 1.275 107.9 37.1 6.67 112.8 37.7 7.045 100.3 29.8 4.92
Sault Ste Marie 96.6 35.8 -1.785 106.6 37.0 3.025 112.4 37.6 4.19 106.6 30.6 6.825
St. Catharines 101.8 36.4 6.175 111.7 37.6 10.895 118.2 38.3 12.65 101.2 29.9 6.57
Sudbury 110.7 37.4 10.69 121.2 38.6 15.955 127.4 39.4 17.47 103.6 30.2 4.2
Thunder Bay 99.6 36.2 5.25 109.3 37.3 9.84 115.6 38.0 11.345 105.7 30.5 7.38
Timmins 112.6 37.7 12.345 120.0 38.5 14.875 126.8 39.3 16.955 102.8 30.1 3.525
Toronto 106.2 36.9 10.11 117.8 38.2 16.29 123.8 38.9 17.6 102.6 30.1 8.015
Windsor 107.4 37.1 11.085 118.3 38.3 16.715 124.5 39.0 18.145 101.4 30.0 7.195
Prince Edward Island   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Charlottetown 102.9 36.5 7.83 106.9 37.1 8.59 110.8 37.6 8.74 110.4 38.6 7.15
Quebec   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Chicoutimi 105.4 38.3 6.485 116.2 39.7 11.125 118.8 40.0 9.145 110.1 34.7 4.265
Drummondville 114.9 44.2 10.095 125.4 45.5 14.475 129.0 46.0 13.345 116.9 39.4 6.345
Gaspé 109.3 39.8 8.855 120.6 41.3 13.925 122.3 41.5 11.16 113.4 35.2 7.145
Gatineau 105.8 36.6 10.615 116.5 38.0 15.675 120.4 38.5 14.76 112.9 38.9 9.125
Montreal 119.4 47.8 11.01 130.2 49.2 15.61 133.3 49.6 14.055 115.8 39.3 5.38
Quebec 105.1 42.9 1.53 115.9 44.3 6.23 120.2 44.9 5.68 115.1 39.2 4.77
Rimouski 108.4 41.0 6.745 119.8 42.5 11.935 123.6 43.0 10.975 115.1 37.3 6.675
Sherbrooke 109.9 43.5 5.775 120.6 44.9 10.295 123.1 45.2 8.215 114.3 39.1 4.075
Trois-Rivières 106.4 43.1 2.705 117.7 44.5 7.735 120.5 44.9 5.985 114.1 39.1 3.905
Val d'Or 106.4 38.4 9.375 116.2 39.7 13.605 119.0 40.1 11.855 112.4 35.0 12.545
Saskatchewan   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Moose Jaw 93.9 29.5 9.505 103.9 30.0 15.025 111.1 30.3 17.885 99.9 23.8 10.29
Prince Albert 89.9 29.3 5.295 98.5 29.7 9.485 104.8 30.0 11.445 95.5 23.5 5.69
Regina 87.5 29.2 3.405 97.3 29.6 8.765 103.1 29.9 10.215 98.3 23.7 8.8
Saskatoon 88.9 29.2 4.31 97.8 29.7 8.8 104.4 30.0 11.085 97.3 23.6 7.39
Yukon   Retail Fuel Prices on 13-Dec-2016 ( cents per Litre )
  Regular Gasoline Mid-Grade Gasoline Premium Gasoline Diesel
Cities Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin Price Taxes Marketing Margin
Whitehorse 111.9 21.5 28.845 116.9 21.8 28.855 122.4 22.0 30.845 109.9 16.4 28.27

Explanatory Notes for Margin Calculations

Note: These margins calculations are approximations and do not reflect actual information from refiners. Therefore, actual refining margins may be different than those presented above.

Marketing margin: refers to the difference between the retail price of the refined product (before taxes are applied) and the wholesale refined product price:

Marketing margin = Retail prices (before taxes) - Wholesale (rack) price

Refining margin: refers to the difference between the wholesale gasoline price charged by the refiner and the price of crude oil (including transportation costs) which is a key input in the refining process:

Refining margin = Wholesale (rack) price - Crude oil price (including transportation costs)

Refineries in Canada have access to, and use different types of crude oil as feedstock to produce refined products. Refining margins have been developed for the following three regions (also known as supply orbits):

  • Western Canada;
  • Ontario; and
  • Quebec and Atlantic Canada.

The Canadian average refining margin is a weighted average of these three regions. The weights are calculated using an average of each region's aggregated refinery throughputs in 2015 which can be found in the National Energy Board's Weekly Crude Run Data.

Simplifying Assumptions for Crude Oil Prices

The crude oil price, which is used to estimate the refining margin, is calculated based on three factors:

1. Crude oil feedstock

  • There are two main types of crude oil: light and heavy; and
  • Light crude oil requires less processing to be refined into petroleum products; however, it tends to be more expensive than heavy crude oil which requires additional equipment and investment to refine.

Data in 2015 on the shares of light and heavy crude used in the refining process come from Statistics Canada Table 134-0001 Refinery supply of crude oil and equivalent.

2. The price of crude oil

To ensure accuracy, the price for each type of crude oil used in this analysis is determined by taking an average of reported prices drawn from both public and private sources. A representative source for the price of each crude type is identified below.

The price for each type of crude oil is then weighted by its share of the feedstock blend to calculate a representative price for the region.

3. Transportation costs

Where applicable, crude oil transportation costs have been identified for each region.

Western Canada
  1. Crude oil feedstock
    • Refiners in Western Canada currently use a blend of feedstocks consisting of:
      • 69% light crude; and
      • 31% heavy crude.
  2. Crude oil prices
    • Given that the majority of the light crude used in Western Canada consists of synthetic crude oil from upgraders, the reference price used for the light crude oil in this region is Synthetic Crude Oil; and
    • The reference price used for heavy crude is Western Canadian Select.
  3. Transportation costs
    • In Western Canada, crude oil prices are not adjusted to reflect transportation costs since refineries in Western Canada are typically located close to oil production areas.
Ontario
  1. Crude oil feedstock
    • Refiners in Ontario currently use a blend of feedstocks consisting of:
      • 85% light crude; and
      • 15% heavy crude.
  2. Crude oil prices
    • In Ontario, the majority of the light crude comes from domestic conventional production, and therefore the reference price used for the light crude oil is Canadian Light Sweet;
      • Note that in the attached link, the Canadian Light Sweet price is available as a differential to West Texas Intermediate (WTI), therefore to compute the Canadian Light Sweet price, the WTI price must also be collected for the same date; and
    • The reference price used for heavy crude is Western Canadian Select.
  3. Transportation costs
Quebec and Atlantic Canada
  1. Crude oil feedstock
    • Refiners in Quebec and Atlantic Canada currently use a blend of feedstocks primarily made up of light crude.
  2. Crude oil prices
    • In Quebec and Atlantic Canada refineries have traditionally imported light crude oil. The global benchmark for light crude oil is Brent.
  3. Transportation costs
    • These shipping costs are based on the annual average of dirty tanker rates from the UK to the U.S. East Coast. In 2015, the average tanker rate was $2.19 USD per barrel (Source: Bloomberg).
    • In addition to the tanker costs, the pipeline toll to transport crude oil from tidewater to the refinery consists of two tolls:

Notes on Crude Oil Prices

All crude oil prices used in the above calculations are settlement prices, for delivery in the prompt month. Prices can be converted from dollars per cubic metre to cents per litre by applying the following ratio (100:1000).

Canadian Light Sweet: Canadian Light Sweet (CLS) is the main Canadian benchmark price for light sweet crude and specifies delivery at Edmonton, Alberta. Prices are based on daily closing prices for CLS crude posted on NYMEX in US dollars per barrel. Prices are converted to Canadian dollars per cubic metre using the Bank of Canada's daily noon exchange rate and applying a volumetric ratio (6.29:1) to convert the price per barrel to a price per cubic metre.

Edmonton Synthetic Crude: This is the main Canadian benchmark price for synthetic crude oil and specifies delivery at Edmonton, Alberta. It is typically priced on a differential basis to West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil, at Cushing, Oklahoma in U.S. dollar per barrel. Prices are converted to Canadian dollars per cubic metre using the Bank of Canada's daily noon exchange rate and applying a volumetric ratio (6.29:1) to convert the price per barrel to a price per cubic metre.

Brent Montreal: Brent is the main benchmark price for light sweet crude in international markets and specifies delivery at Sullom Voe terminal, United Kingdom. Prices are based on daily closing prices for Brent posted on NYMEX in U.S/ dollars per barrel. Prices are converted to Canadian dollars per cubic metre using the Bank of Canada's daily noon exchange rate and applying a volumetric ratio (6.29:1) to convert the price per barrel to a price per cubic metre. Transportation costs are added for shipping Brent crude by tanker to Portland, Maine, where it is transferred to a pipeline and transported to Montreal. Tanker rates are obtained from Bloomberg and pipeline toll rates are obtained from the National Energy Board (NEB) and the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) which regulate pipeline tolls in Canada and the U.S. respectively.

Western Canada Select: Western Canada Select (WCS) is the main benchmark price for Canadian heavy crude and specifies delivery at Hardisty, Alberta. Prices are based on daily closing prices for WCS posted on NYMEX in U.S. dollars per barrel. Prices are converted to Canadian dollars per cubic metre using the Bank of Canada's daily noon exchange rate and applying a volumetric ratio (6.29:1) to convert the price per barrel to a price per cubic metre.